Technological Discoveries That Changed the World

Bubble Wrap

Bubble wrap was created by Americans Alfred Fielding and Mark Chavan and is still used today to carry delicate things. Their creation embodied the typical tale of a late 1950s garage startup: two young guys had aspirations of developing a thing that would make them rich and well-known.

The wallpaper they created as their first creation was built from two bathroom curtains. Between the drapes, air bubbles formed a unique look. Although these wallpapers were simple to maintain and had a very 1950s aesthetic, customers were not drawn to the product. Fielding and Shavan persisted and started to provide their material as a greenhouse cover. However, here they failed too.


By accident, American engineer Wilson Greatbatch created the implanted pacemaker in 1956. The scientist unintentionally utilized the incorrect transistor while developing a device for measuring heart rate. The consequence was that the instrument sent electrical impulses that mimicked the heartbeat rather than capturing the rhythm. Greatbatch demonstrated his creation to William Chardak, a physician. Together, they made modifications to the technology, which allowed them to regulate the heartbeats of a dog in 1958 and a man in 1960 using pacemakers, respectively.


American scientist Harry Coover began developing a clear plastic substance for rifle sights in 1942. In the course of several trials, he unintentionally came upon a particularly sticky material that stuck to any surface. The finding did not receive much notice at the time, but nine years later, Coover and his colleague Fred Joyner once more developed cyanoacrylate by mistake. Scientists thought they had found a glue that was exceptional in its dependability. It was originally offered for sale in 1958 under the names Eastman 910 and Superglue.

Vulcanized Rubber

Charles Goodyear created vulcanized rubber in 1839, which is utilized to create long-lasting rubber goods like auto tires. The American had worked with latex (rubber) for years before unintentionally dumping rubber-sulfur mixture over a hot stove, which led to the creation of a durable substance. The rubber edges were no longer sticky and brittle like typical latex since they had vulcanized. Goodyear was successful in getting his invention patent in 1844. The first rubber tires soon followed, but initially without an air chamber.

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