Sample Essay

Among the range of ethnic and tribal groups populating Afghanistan, Wardak (2004) identified the “Hazara, Aimaq, Baluch, Brahui, Nuristani, Pashaie, Pamiri, Kirghiz, Qizilbash, Mongols, Arabs, Gujars, Kohistanis, Wakhis and Jats” (p.3) in addition to the Tajiks, Uzbeks, Turkmen and the ethnic majority Pashto (p.3). Wardak (2004) stated that the tribal groups are mostly distinguished by their language or dialect differences. The migratory nature seen in many of the Afghan people and frequent contact with strangers — both Afghan and foreign — have served to place members of different tribal groups in close proximity with one another. The differences that exist however have been effectively exploited at various times in the nation’s history since this served the agenda of invading forces (Geller & Moss, 2008; Wardak, 2003).

Regardless of tribal or religious affinity, and cutting across classes and other social divisions, Dupree (2002) identified Afghans shares common trait who likes to socialize. The caveat she noted is that many Afghans most enjoy socializing with their families or close friends, thereby reinforcing tribal identities. However, hospitality provided to close relations and to strangers alike is a hallmark of Afghan culture (Emadi, 2005).

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