Sample Essay

He devised a thought that poor nations would find it extremely difficult of  going beyond their subsistence levels and being able to eke out an affluent life until and unless they undergo ‘preventive checks’ of controlling population (Hughes 38), for instance, birth control. Hence, failure to abide by these preventive measures makes malnutrition and poverty inevitable. He further argues that no increase in food would be able to cope up with the ever increasing level of population and that land is highly finite.

Birth control activists fid this theory as a means of support for their quest of trying to logically control population growth in developing countries where starvation, clean water and poverty are a few of the major issue challenging the rest of the world.

On the other hand, there are arguments in against Malthus’s theory. First of all, it was suggested more than 200 years ago when it seemed more appropriate to the rest of the world. However, Malthusian model fails to take any technological advance into consideration which might be of assistance in controlling scarcity of resources as compared to the ever increasing levels of population (Todaro and Smith 312). For instance, the quality of land could be enhanced as a result of a facilitating technological impact. Also due to this reason, high income levels could be achieved resulting in high per capita income.

It is also argued that national rate of population increase is not always proportional to national level of per capita income. This holds true for developing and less developed countries and due to better health care, death rates are under much control than at the time of the suggestion of this theory. Thus, it’s more of a matter of the stance of the income being distributed properly and the level of income per household.

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