Schizophrenia is a psychological disorder that disables the brain from functioning normally. In most cases, schizophrenia has proven to be a chronic disease. It can affect a human being as early as at five years of age and is equally common in both genders. With time, the disease has seen a sharp increase and today every one in five people are reported to be suffering from some type of schizophrenia (National Institute of Mental Health, 2006). Schizophrenia is many a times confused with multiple personality or split personality disorders, however, it should be noted that this particular disease is different from multiple personality disorder.
Schizophrenic patients are known to be mentally disassociated with the real world. They are surrounded by hallucinations, illusions, and delusions and they sometimes see, hear and believe in things that do not exist in reality (Schizophrenia.com, 2009). A schizophrenic patient may also experience disorganized or incomprehensible speech problems and abnormality in movements. Schizophrenic patients are treated using antipsychotic drugs, Psychotherapy, and counseling, however, no treatments have been developed so far which can be considered as totally effective.
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