Sample Essay

The Gandhi-Jinnah talks in 1944 failed to reach any agreement but were important nonetheless. To Jinnah’s insistence that Gandhi was a Hindu representative, Gandhi replied that all Muslims were Hindu converts so he was their representative. Gandhi raised objections towards Muslims as a separate country and explained that he could not accept the Two-Nation theory which had became dear to the Muslims and was now at the heart of the majority-minority issue.

Gandhi suggested that they join hands in the struggle against the British and then resolve this matter afterwards but Jinnah refused to even consider this. An important impact of these talks was that the Congress dealt with the Muslim League as an equal party something it had refused to do before. After this the Simla Conference was held in 1945 in which Lord Wavell recognized that the Muslims under Jinnah would not change their viewpoint and concessions would have to be made. The elections in 1946 showed clearly the Muslim support for the Muslim League and for Jinnahs views on the minority-majority issue. The Independence Act and Radcliffe Award resulted in a bloody partition in August 1947 which left neither Jinnah nor Gandhi satisfied.

Jinnah was initially a believer in Hindu-Muslim unity and that Muslims could do well as a minority inIndiawhen the British left but he was disillusioned , joined the Muslim League and made it a party representing Muslim Indians. Gandhi never liked the idea of a split in ‘Mother India’ but his realization that opposition to the massive minority Muslim movement would result in only more deaths and pain he reluctantly agreed. Today these leaders belief remain very important toPakistanandIndiarespectively.

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