Sample Essay

Human Resource Management today involves a variety of activities from hiring the right employees, to creating an environment in which they gave their best to the organization and training and developing their potential. In addition to this there is a significant amount of research which provides various theories and approaches to handling each of these activities. An integrated and contingent approach would be one which would keep all these and activities in mind and not simply have one solution.

The importance of integration can be explained in detail with the discussion of two contrasting theories analyzing employee behavior, namely Theory X and Theory Y.(McGregor 1960)

Theory X reflects a harder and more authoritarian style of work. It assumes that employees will not have any personal motivation to work and therefore if they are not closely watched they will perform poorly, that employees have little to contribute other then what is required of them and their jobs must be extremely structured for optimal utilization of the employees.

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