Africa has unique political systems that prevent the attainment of sustainable developments. Political systems are tied to strong social forces which give it powerful power relations which create a governance system where there is; poor separation of private and public sector, the privation of public resources through corruption, nepotism, clientelism and exchange relationships which maintain power, horizontal relations, winner take all politics, concentration of power in the hands of a few who are above the law and patriarchal relations which ink society (Handley et al., 2009).
Moreover corruption and abuse of office has increases the levels of poverty and denies nations access to resources. Corruption occurs in many forms as those of influence bribe for procurements; escape the payment of taxes and custom fees denying nations sources of income (Fosu, 2009).
These are just excerpts of essays please access the order form for custom essays, research papers, term papers, thesis, dissertations, book reports and case studies.