Malaria is a fever-like infectious disease that is caused by a parasite of the genus Plasmodium. It is rampant in the tropical and sub-tropical regions. Its fatality is mostly experienced in Sub-Saharan Africa, especially among the young children. The deaths caused by Malaria (more than 250 million deaths are recorded each year), are alarming and have gone to the extent of destabilizing the economic development of affected regions. It is usually associated with poverty.
Presently, 200 species of the Plasmodium parasite have been discovered and about 11 of them affect humans. The rest affect other animals. The ones affecting humans are transmitted by the mosquito species of the genus Anopheles. These mosquitoes live on nectar. The protein in the nectar is not enough for the female mosquito to produce eggs. That is the reason why only female mosquitoes bite to receive one or two blood meals.
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